Family/Intimate Partner Violence
People diagnosed with mental illness are more likely than others to be victims of domestic violence, a new analysis finds.
Previous research has linked depression to domestic violence, but this review looks at a possible link between mental illness overall and domestic abuse in men and women.
"In this study, we found that both men and women with mental health problems are at an increased risk of domestic violence," senior study author Louise Howard, a professor at King's College London's Institute of Psychiatry, said in a college news release.
The Perpetration of Intimate Partner Violence among LGBTQ College Youth: The Role of Minority Stress | Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Preliminary research suggests that partner violence is a problem among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) college youth. However, there is no study to date with college youth on the factors associated with perpetration of same-sex partner violence, which is needed to inform prevention efforts specific to this population.
Early Life Adversity Reduces Stress Reactivity and Enhances Impulsive Behavior: Implications For Health Behaviors | International Journal of Psychophysiology
Altered reactivity to stress, either in the direction of exaggerated reactivity or diminished reactivity, may signal a dysregulation of systems intended to maintain homeostasis and a state of good health. Evidence has accumulated that diminished reactivity to psychosocial stress may signal poor health outcomes. One source of diminished cortisol and autonomic reactivity is the experience of adverse rearing during childhood and adolescence. The Oklahoma Family Health Patterns Project has examined a cohort of 426 healthy young adults with and without a family history of alcoholism.
Adverse Childhood Experiences and Intimate Partner Violence: Testing Psychosocial Mediational Pathways among Couples | Annals of Epidemiology
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with an increased likelihood of intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. We tested whether psychosocial factors, such as depression, anxiety, impulsivity, and problem drinking, mediate associations between ACEs and IPV.
Turbulent Times: Effects of Turbulence And Violence Exposure in Adolescence on High School Completion, Health Risk Behavior, and Mental Health in Young Adulthood | Social Science & Medicine
Residential mobility, school transitions, family structure changes, and homelessness are markers of turbulence for youth. This study examines the relative contributions of turbulence and violence exposure to health in adolescence. Among US adolescents, turbulence is associated with health risk behaviors, poor mental health, and failure to complete high school. Cumulative exposure to violence predicts higher risk behavior, and poorer mental health and high school graduation rate.
The Use of Safety Plans with Children and Adolescents Living in Violent Families | The Family Journal
Counselors are regularly confronted with children and adolescents who reside in violent or potentially violent living environments. In this article, safety plans are presented as a tool that counselors can use to promote the safety of children living in unsafe family situations. Ethics-related counseling issues that should be considered when counseling children living in violent living homes are also discussed. A case example is provided to illuminate the presented concepts.
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Ethics applications to conduct research with children who have experienced domestic violence will frequently raise a red flag to ethics committees about the potential for risk and re-traumatization. On the other hand, such sensitive research can enable a hidden, marginalized population to have their voices heard. It can deliver findings about children’s lives that can inform otherwise adult-centric research, policy and practice initiatives.
Substance Use as a Risk Factor for Intimate Partner Violence Overlap: Generational Differences Among Hispanic Young Adults | International Criminal Justice Review
Intimate partner violence (IPV) research often focuses on either the victims of IPV or the perpetrators of IPV. Recent studies have documented the existence of a group of victim-perpetrators, for example, they perpetrate IPV and are also the victims of IPV. The current study examines this overlap in IPV perpetration and victimization among a nationally representative, longitudinal sample of 1,488 Hispanics with a focus on generational status.
Definition: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is abuse that occurs between two people in a close relationship. The term "intimate partner" includes current and former spouses and dating partners. IPV exists along a continuum from a single episode of violence to ongoing battering. The longer intimate partner abuse goes on, the more serious the effects on the victim.