Utah 2012 State Fact Sheet
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Unintentional injuries and violence are the leading causes of death, hospitalization, and disability for children ages 1-18. This fact sheet provides a state snapshot of data on the injury-related Maternal and Child Health Block Grant National Performance Measures and Health Status Indicators, with a special focus on disparities based on race, gender, and rural/urban residence. The fact sheet is intended to be a helpful and easy-to-use tool for needs assessments, planning, program development, and presentations.
The Children’s Safety Network (CSN) National Injury and Violence Prevention Resource Center, funded by the Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Bureau, works with states to utilize a science-based, public health approach for injury and violence prevention (IVP). CSN is available to provide information and technical assistance on injury surveillance and data; needs assessments; best practices; and the design, implementation, and evaluation of programs to prevent child and adolescent injuries.
Major Causes of Injury Death
Understanding injury rankings among other causes of death is important in determining their physical and economic role in each state. Knowing what types of injuries cause the majority of deaths and hospitalizations can inform program planning and development efforts. Table 1 shows the top 5 causes of death by age group in the state. Unintentional and intentional injury deaths are highlighted. Table 2 shows the top 5 causes of injury death by age group in the state. Intentional injury deaths are highlighted.
Table 1 Source: WISQARS Leading Causes of Death Reports, 2004-2008.
Table 2 Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Multiple Cause of Death Data, 2004-2008.
Childhood injury is also a leading cause of morbidity. Table 3 provides information from the state's hospital discharge data on the leading causes and incidence of hospital admissions by age group.
National Performance Measures
The Federal Maternal and Child Health Bureau Block Grant program requires State MCH programs to report on 18 National Performance Measures (NPM), two of which directly address injuries. NPM #10 addresses the rate of deaths to children aged 14 years and younger caused by motor vehicle crashes per 100,000 children. NPM #16 addresses the rate of suicide deaths among youths aged 15-19.
The following figures provide information related to NPMs #10 and #16.
NPM 10: Reducing Unintentional Motor Vehicle Deaths to Children Ages 0-14
NPM 10: Reducing Unintentional Motor Vehicle Deaths to Children Ages 0-14:
Figure 3 Source: WISQARS Injury Mortality Reports, 2003-2007
NPM 16: Reducing Suicide Deaths Among Teens Ages 15-19
NPM 16: Reducing Suicide Deaths Among Teens Ages 15-19:
Figures 8 & 9 Source: Youth Online: High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), 2003-2009
Figure 10 Source: WISQARS Injury Mortality Reports, 2003-2007
IVP Health Status Indicators
The Maternal and Child Health Bureau requires every state to report on 12 Health Status Indicators. Six of the indicators are related to IVP. The two figures below reflect the data reported for the IVP Health Status Indicators by the state in their Maternal and Child Health Block Grant Application Form 17, 2011.
Figures 13 & 14 Source: HRSA, Title V Information System Multi-Year Report
State Specific Performance Measures and Priority Needs
Each state develops up to 7 – 10 State Performance Measures and priority needs. The following provides information about the states’ selected 2012 injury-related performance measures and priority needs.
State Performance Measures:
Utah has the following injury-related State Performance Measure:
• To reduce the percent of youth during the last 12 months who feel so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row that they stopped doing usual activities.
Utah has the following injury-related priority need:
• Decrease the percent of adolescents who feel so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row during the last 12 months.