Content tagged with Topic
Content tagged with Topic
Motor vehicle accident (MVA) mortality has been declining overall, but little is known about trends by socioeconomic position. Authors examined trends in education-related inequalities in US MVA death rates from 1995 to 2010. Authors used mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics and population estimates from the Current Population Survey, and calculated vehicle- and person-miles traveled using data from the National Household Travel Survey.
National Teen Driver Safety Week is October 18-24, 2015.
The purpose of this study was to identify the major risk factors among adolescents who have either contemplated or attempted suicide. Along with successful suicides, suicide attempts and contemplation are coexisting factors that are prominent in the adolescent population and therefore warrant major concern. A secondary data analysis of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was completed to explore the factors that may influence adolescents’ thoughts or actions about suicidal behavior. The YRBS represents high-school students throughout 50 states.
A history of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) is consistently cited as one of the strongest predictors of future suicidal behavior. However, stark discrepancies in the literature raise questions about the true magnitude of these associations. The objective of this study is to examine the magnitude and clinical utility of the associations between SITBs and subsequent suicide ideation, attempts, and death.
Despite recent findings that nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a strong predictor of suicide attempts, little empirical attention has been given to the mechanism through which NSSI increases suicide risk. The present 2-wave longitudinal study represents the first critical test of Joiner's (2005) hypothesis that NSSI is linked to lower pain sensitivity and fear of death over time (i.e., NSSI leads to acquired capability for suicide).
Establishing a person’s intention to die has been a central element separating suicides from fatal self-injurious acts that are labeled “accidents” or “unintentional” deaths. We argue that this is a false dichotomy—certainly at the level of populations—that masks the overall magnitude of fatalities arising from deliberate, self-destructive behaviors.
This study examines differences in prescription opioid misuse (POM) among adolescents in rural, small urban, and large urban areas of the United States and identifies several individual, social, and community risk factors contributing to those differences.
Authors used nationally representative data from the 2011 and 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health and estimated binary logistic regression and formal mediation models to assess past-year POM among 32,036 adolescents aged 12-17.
Children with disabilities are thought to have an increased risk of unintentional injuries, but quantitative syntheses of findings from previous studies have not been done. The researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether pre-existing disability can increase the risk of unintentional injuries among children when they are compared to children without disability. Authors searched 13 electronic databases to identify original research published between January 1, 1990 and February 28, 2013.
This study examined the relations between witnessed parental violence (PV) and child physical abuse (CPA) over a 1 year period among a nationally representative sample of 2,514 adolescents, ages 12–18. History of witnessed PV (Wave 1) prospectively predicted new experiences (controlling for abuse history) and first experiences of CPA reported at Wave 2. Conversely, history of CPA predicted new experiences of PV, but not first experiences. For adolescents who reported witnessed PV and CPA, witnessed PV preceded CPA in 70 % of cases.
Several studies suggest that there are relations between children's or adolescents’ self-injurious behaviors and peer victimization. In the current study, a meta-analysis was performed to study the relations between non-suicidal self-injury and peer victimization. Non-suicidal self-injury focuses on self-injurious behaviors without suicidal intent that result in immediate tissue damage and are not socially sanctioned within one's culture or for display.
The National Action Partnership to Promote Safe Sleep (NAPPSS) is pleased to announce the official release of the National Action Plan to Increase Safe Infant Sleep.
Join NAPPSS for a webinar hosted by HRSA’s Maternal and Child Health Bureau to learn how your work on promoting safe sleep practices and breastfeeding fits into this national framework.
Date/Time: Wednesday, October 21, 2015 2:00-3:00 p.m. EDT
Even though survivors of childhood physical or sexual abuse can face a higher risk for depression as adults, not everyone will become depressed.
Now, new Australian research points to DNA as a potential factor in determining who will suffer depression later on. Scientists say they've spotted a gene variant that appears to raise the odds of depression in adults who suffered childhood abuse.
There's a twist, however: People with the same gene variant who never suffered abuse actually tend to be happier than similar people without the gene, the researchers found.
Lowering the legal drinking age from 21 to 18 might lead to a surprising consequence -- more high school dropouts.
So claims a new study that found U.S. high school dropout rates increased between 4 percent and 13 percent in the 1970s and 1980s, a time when many states lowered the legal drinking age to 18. Dropout rates among black and Hispanic students rose more than among white students, the study revealed.
Many people hold on to extra prescription drugs, but saving old medications is unwise, a pharmacist warns.
"Medications that are expired have passed their half-life, which leads to them being ineffective," said Kimberly Cimarelli, pharmacy manager at Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, in Hershey, PA.
Expired medications can even be dangerous, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says. Their chemical composition can change and, over time, expired drugs may become less effective or potentially harmful.
Regular exercise may lower bullied teens' risk of suicide, researchers report.
The researchers analyzed data from more than 13,500 U.S. high school students and found that being physically active four or more days a week reduced bullied teens' suicidal thoughts and attempts by 23 percent.
"Put me in, Coach," may be a common plea heard from young athletes. But sports medicine experts suggest that benching players for at least part of the year might help prevent sports-related injuries.
"The biggest problem right now is that many children and teens are not taking time off from their sports activities," said Dr. James Penna, an orthopedic surgeon at Stony Brook University Hospital in Stony Brook, N.Y.
"Young athletes need to rest, but many participate in sports year-round, which can result in overuse injuries," he said in a hospital news release.
Since 2010, poison control center hotlines across the United States have seen a nearly 400% increase in calls related to children younger than 12 ingesting hand sanitizer, according to new analysis by the Georgia Poison Center.
"Kids are getting into these products more frequently, and unfortunately, there's a percentage of them going to the emergency room," said Dr. Gaylord Lopez, the center's director.
In the United States, bullying remains a serious problem among teens. Although associations between bullying and health risk behaviors are well-documented, research on bullying and education-related outcomes, such as school attendance, is limited.
Young workers are a significant subset of the U.S. workforce, and they are at increased risk of being injured while on the job. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that, “In 2013, there were approximately 18.1 million workers less than 24 years of age, and these workers represented 13% of the workforce. Young workers have high occupational injury rates which are in part explained by a high frequency of injury hazards in workplaces where they typically work. “(1)
Injection drug use is the most frequently reported risk behavior among new cases of hepatitis C virus infection, and recent reports of increases in infection are of great concern in many communities. This study assessed the prevalence and trends in injection drug use among U.S. high school students.
Data were from CDC’s Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, which collects information on health risk behaviors at the national, state, and large urban school district levels. Analyses were conducted in 2014.
Did you know that American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest motor vehicle-related death rates of all racial and ethnic groups, with rates two to three times greater than all other Americans?
Barb Gay shares how survivors of suicide attempts can help us improve prevention, transform care, and save lives.
In a two-part video series, Dr. Alex Crosby explains why data is critical to suicide prevention and where to find the data you need.
Agency commits $20 million to advance prevention on multiple fronts
This blog post by Jon Vernick from the Network for Public Health Law talks about prescription drug poisonings and safe packaging.
Check out the new look, animated video, family-friendly resources, and tips and tools created to support implementation of Bright Futures into clinical practice, state or community health program.
Intimate partner violence disproportionately occurs among young adults and relates to a range of health and behavioral problems throughout the life course. Although numerous studies substantiate the prevailing cycle of violence perspective, methodological limitations in prior research prohibit the conclusion of a causal relationship between childhood physical maltreatment and dating violence perpetration and victimization in young adulthood.
The aim is to examine associations between bullying involvement in adolescence and mental health problems in adulthood.
Information on bullying-involvement (being bullied, bully–victim, aggressive toward others) and non-involved was collected from 2464 adolescents in Mid-Norway at mean age 13.7 and again at mean age 14.9. Information about mental health problems and psychosocial functioning was collected about 12 years later at mean age 27.2 (n = 1266).
This short-term longitudinal study examined whether the association between bullying perpetration and later physical dating violence perpetration and mediators of that association (via anger, depression, anxiety, and social status), varied depending on level of bullying victimization. Differences have been noted between those who bully but are not victims of bullying, and those who are both bullies and victims. These differences may influence dating violence risk and the explanations for why bullying leads to dating violence.