Content tagged with Topic

Content tagged with Topic

Healthcare Providers Play Unique Role in Preventing Violence | CDC

Clinicians can prevent violence, a serious public health problem.

CDC has released an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Violence in the United States: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities. This article highlights strategies that communities, organizations, and healthcare providers can take to identify, treat, and prevent violence.

Sep 02 2015

Successful State Motor Vehicle Data Linkage Systems: A New CDC/NHTSA Report

Valuable sources of state motor vehicle crash data include police reports and medical records, as they can provide information about risk factors and medical outcomes for crashes. Successful state data linkage systems are able to collect, link, analyze, and report on multiple sources of motor vehicle crash data.

To increase knowledge about successful state motor vehicle data linkage programs, CDC partnered with NHTSA to assess the facilitators and barriers to success. States can use the study results to design or modify their data-linkage systems.

Sep 02 2015

Predicting Adolescent Dating Violence Perpetration: Role of Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence and Parenting Practices | American Journal of Preventive Medicine

Exposure to adult intimate partner violence (IPV) places youth at risk for a range of outcomes, including perpetration of adolescent dating violence (ADV). However, there is variability in the effect of IPV exposure, as many youth who are exposed to IPV do not go on to exhibit problems. Thus, research is needed to examine contextual factors, such as parenting practices, to more fully explain heterogeneity in outcomes and better predict ADV perpetration.

Sep 02 2015

Predicting Suicide Attempts in Depressed Adolescents: Clarifying the Role of Disinhibition and Childhood Sexual Abuse | Journal of Affective Disorders

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents, and depressed youth are six times more likely to make suicide attempts as compared to non-depressed adolescents. The present study examined the unique and interactive effects of two well-established correlates of suicidality – childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and disinhibition – in predicting suicide attempts among depressed adolescents.

Sep 02 2015

Suicide Ideation and Life Events in a Sample of Rural Adolescents | Archives of Psychiatric Nursing

Adolescents experience both developmental and situational periods of transition along with myriad stressful life events when they enter and exit high school. These life events may be associated with thinking of, planning, and attempting suicide. Yet despite the development of prevention programs to treat at-risk individuals, suicide rates among adolescents have remained relatively high.

Sep 02 2015

How to Talk to a Child about a Suicide Attempt in Your Family | Rocky Mountain MIRECC for Suicide Prevention

If there has been a recent suicide attempt in your family, this may be one of the toughest experiences you and your children may ever face. It is important to take care of yourself, so that you are better able to care for your child.

Sep 02 2015

Bullies in the Block Area: The Early Childhood Origins of “Mean” Behavior | Child Trends

Bullying behavior in kids may be influenced by factors in early childhood.  A new Child Trends report, Bullies in the Block Area: The Early Childhood Origins of “Mean” Behavior, summarizes the factors that appear related to later bullying, and what can buffer these factors.

Sep 02 2015

Ten Years of Safe Routes to School - Celebrating Successes and Looking Toward the Future | Safe Routes to School

Date: Wednesday, September 23

Time: 2-3 p.m. Eastern Time

In August 2005, Congress passed the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). This transportation bill included a new Federal Safe Routes to School (SRTS) Program that aimed to improve the ability of primary and middle school students to walk and bike to school safely.  Since then, the program has reached more than 6.8 million students in over 17,400 K-8 schools in all fifty States and the District of Columbia.

Webinar
Sep 23 2015

Governor Cuomo Announces Record-Setting Seat Belt Use in New York | New York State

Governor Cuomo announced that a record 92 percent of New Yorkers are buckling up and regularly using seat belts. This is the sixth consecutive year that seat-belt use has stayed at or above 90 percent, according to the New York State Seat Belt Observation Survey, conducted each year by the University at Albany Institute for Traffic Safety Management and Research.

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Have the 'Booze Talk' By Age 9, Pediatricians' Group Advises | NBC News

Parents and doctors need to take the lead in talking to kids about drinking, and they need to do it before children try their first sip, the main pediatricians' group says.

And that moment might come sooner than most adults think it should, the American Academy of Pediatrics says in new guidance published Monday. It's before they're even 10 years old.

Sep 02 2015

Many Parents Unaware of Dangers E-Cigarettes Pose to Little Kids: Survey | Healthfinder.gov

Many parents don't understand that the liquid nicotine used in electronic cigarettes poses a serious danger to young children, a new survey indicates.

The liquid nicotine used in e-cigarettes is often fruit-flavored, which makes it appealing to youngsters. Consuming a teaspoon of this liquid can be deadly to a child, and smaller amounts can cause nausea and vomiting that require emergency care, experts warn.

Children can also become sick if the liquid nicotine comes into contact with their skin.

Sep 02 2015

Injuries Tied to Illegal Meth Labs on the Rise: CDC | Healthfinder.gov

Chemical burns, respiratory ailments and even deaths tied to accidents in illegal methamphetamine labs are on the rise in the United States, a new study shows.

Overall, 162 people were injured between 2001 and 2012 in the five states covered by the study. Those states were Louisiana, Oregon, Utah, New York and Wisconsin. The injuries included 26 children and 42 law enforcement officials, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported.

Sep 02 2015

'Goth' Teens Report More Depression, Self-Harm | HealthDay

The dark look associated with Goths may not be all show: Teens in this subculture appear more prone to depression and self-harm than their peers, researchers report.

Fifteen-year-olds who strongly identified as Goth -- recognized by their distinctive black clothes, white and black makeup and black hair -- were three times more likely to be depressed at 18 compared with teens who did not identify as Goth, the British researchers found.

Sep 02 2015
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Interactive Infographic: How to Not Get Hit By a Car | Safe Kids Worldwide

With an average of 44 kids getting hit while walking every day in the U.S., it’s time for action. HOW TO NOT GET HIT BY A CAR is a fun new interactive infographic that guides walkers through seven common ways kids get hit by cars, and seven ways to avoid it. Parents and kids alike give it great reviews; not only do they think it’s fun to experience the action, they can usually relate to it. Try it out and see if you make any of the common mistakes when you cross the street.

Try the interactive infographic from Safe Kids

Sep 02 2015

Driver Education and Teen Crashes and Traffic Violations in the First Two Years of Driving in a Graduated Licensing System | Accident Analysis & Prevention

The primary research question was whether teens obtaining their intermediate-level provisional operators permit (POP) in a graduated driver licensing (GDL) environment through driver education differed in crashes and traffic violations from teens who obtained their POP by completing a supervised driving certification log without taking driver education. A descriptive epidemiological study examining a census of all teen drivers in Nebraska (151,880 teens, 48.6% girls, 51.4% boys) during an eight year period from 2003 to 2010 was conducted.

Aug 19 2015

Using Naturalistic Driving Data to Examine Drivers' Seatbelt Use Behavior: Comparison between Teens and Adults | Journal of Safety Research

This study found that naturalistic driving study provides a promising method to study driver behavior on the real roads. Novice teen drivers who just received their driver license are the most conservative seatbelt users. Young drivers are the least conservative seatbelt users. Female drivers have a higher seatbelt use rate and tend to buckle up at the beginning a trip, when compared to male drivers.

Read the abstract or purchase the study in the Journal of Safety Research

Aug 19 2015

Do As I Say, Not As I Do: Distracted Driving Behavior of Teens and Their Parents | Journal of Safety Research

This study found that parents and teens both overestimate each other’s involvement in distracting behaviors while driving. Parents’ and teens’ levels of involvement in distracting behaviors are correlated. Teens’ participation in distracting behavior is more strongly influenced by their perceptions of their parents distracting behavior than by what parents themselves report.

Read the abstract or purchase the study in the Journal of Safety Research

Aug 19 2015

Self-Harm in Young People: Prevalence, Associated Factors, and Help-Seeking in School-Going Adolescents | International Journal of Mental Health Nursing

Adolescent self-harm is recognized as a serious public health problem; however, there is little reliable comparative data on its prevalence or characteristics, or on the extent of help-seeking for self-harm. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence and associated factors of adolescent self-harm in an urban region in Ireland, and to investigate help-seeking behaviors for self-harm. This was a cross-sectional study of 856 school-going adolescents, employing an anonymous self-report questionnaire. A lifetime history of self-harm was reported by 12.1% of adolescents.

Aug 19 2015
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The Prevalence of Bruising Among Infants in Pediatric Emergency Departments | Annals of Emergency Medicine

Bruising can indicate abuse for infants. Bruise prevalence among infants in the pediatric emergency department (ED) setting is unknown. Our objective is to determine prevalence of bruising, associated chief complaints, and frequency of abuse evaluations in previously healthy infants presenting to pediatric EDs.

Aug 19 2015

Barriers and Facilitators to Detecting Child Abuse and Neglect in General Emergency Departments | Annals of Emergency Medicine

Child abuse and neglect is common in the United States, and victims often present to emergency departments (EDs) for care. Most US children who seek care in EDs are treated in general EDs without specialized pediatric services. We aim to explore general ED providers’ experiences with screening and reporting of child abuse and neglect to identify barriers and facilitators to detection of child abuse and neglect in the ED setting.

Aug 19 2015

Bicycle Helmets Are Highly Protective Against Traumatic Brain Injury within a Dense Urban Setting | Injury

New York City (NYC) has made significant roadway infrastructure improvements, initiated a bicycle share program, and enacted Vision Zero, an action plan to reduce traffic deaths and serious injuries. The objective of this study was to examine whether bicycle helmets offer a protective advantage against traumatic brain injury (TBI) within a contemporary dense urban setting with a commitment to road safety.

Aug 19 2015
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Suicide Claims Record Number of Coloradans | Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

Colorado lost 1,058 people to suicide last year, the highest number in state history. That puts Colorado’s suicide rate at 19.4 per 100,000 residents — seventh-highest in the country.  

Suicide kills more Coloradans each year than homicide, car crashes, diabetes, breast cancer, flu or pneumonia. It is the seventh leading cause of death for all Coloradans and second leading cause of death for young Coloradans.

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Doctors Devise A Better Way to Diagnose Shaken Baby Syndrome | NPR

To tell whether a baby has been injured or killed by being shaken, the courts use three hallmark symptoms: bleeding and swelling in the brain and retinal bleeding in the eyes. Along with other evidence, those standards are used to convict caregivers of abusive head trauma, both intentional and unintentional, that can result in blindness, seizures, severe brain damage or death.

Aug 19 2015

Protective Eyewear in Girls' Field Hockey Means Fewer Injuries | Healthfinder.gov

The rate of eye injuries among girls playing high school field hockey dropped dramatically after a national requirement for protective eyewear was passed, a new study reports.

But the mandate doesn't cover all players. And, the study found that the odds of sustaining an eye injury were more than three times as high in areas where the mandate was not implemented compared with areas where it was implemented.

Aug 19 2015
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