The purpose of this review is to summarize the empirical research on neighborhood-level factors and dating violence among adolescents and emerging adults to guide future research and practice.
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Clinicians can prevent violence, a serious public health problem.
CDC has released an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), Violence in the United States: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities. This article highlights strategies that communities, organizations, and healthcare providers can take to identify, treat, and prevent violence.
Valuable sources of state motor vehicle crash data include police reports and medical records, as they can provide information about risk factors and medical outcomes for crashes. Successful state data linkage systems are able to collect, link, analyze, and report on multiple sources of motor vehicle crash data.
To increase knowledge about successful state motor vehicle data linkage programs, CDC partnered with NHTSA to assess the facilitators and barriers to success. States can use the study results to design or modify their data-linkage systems.
Exposure to adult intimate partner violence (IPV) places youth at risk for a range of outcomes, including perpetration of adolescent dating violence (ADV). However, there is variability in the effect of IPV exposure, as many youth who are exposed to IPV do not go on to exhibit problems. Thus, research is needed to examine contextual factors, such as parenting practices, to more fully explain heterogeneity in outcomes and better predict ADV perpetration.
Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents, and depressed youth are six times more likely to make suicide attempts as compared to non-depressed adolescents. The present study examined the unique and interactive effects of two well-established correlates of suicidality – childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and disinhibition – in predicting suicide attempts among depressed adolescents.
Adolescents experience both developmental and situational periods of transition along with myriad stressful life events when they enter and exit high school. These life events may be associated with thinking of, planning, and attempting suicide. Yet despite the development of prevention programs to treat at-risk individuals, suicide rates among adolescents have remained relatively high.
If there has been a recent suicide attempt in your family, this may be one of the toughest experiences you and your children may ever face. It is important to take care of yourself, so that you are better able to care for your child.
Bullying behavior in kids may be influenced by factors in early childhood. A new Child Trends report, Bullies in the Block Area: The Early Childhood Origins of “Mean” Behavior, summarizes the factors that appear related to later bullying, and what can buffer these factors.
Salt Lake City, UT
CityMatCH’s Annual Urban MCH Leadership Conference creates an environment ripe for learning, connecting, and re-energizing.
Date: Wednesday, September 23
Time: 2-3 p.m. Eastern Time
In August 2005, Congress passed the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). This transportation bill included a new Federal Safe Routes to School (SRTS) Program that aimed to improve the ability of primary and middle school students to walk and bike to school safely. Since then, the program has reached more than 6.8 million students in over 17,400 K-8 schools in all fifty States and the District of Columbia.
Governor Cuomo announced that a record 92 percent of New Yorkers are buckling up and regularly using seat belts. This is the sixth consecutive year that seat-belt use has stayed at or above 90 percent, according to the New York State Seat Belt Observation Survey, conducted each year by the University at Albany Institute for Traffic Safety Management and Research.
Parents and doctors need to take the lead in talking to kids about drinking, and they need to do it before children try their first sip, the main pediatricians' group says.
And that moment might come sooner than most adults think it should, the American Academy of Pediatrics says in new guidance published Monday. It's before they're even 10 years old.
Many parents don't understand that the liquid nicotine used in electronic cigarettes poses a serious danger to young children, a new survey indicates.
The liquid nicotine used in e-cigarettes is often fruit-flavored, which makes it appealing to youngsters. Consuming a teaspoon of this liquid can be deadly to a child, and smaller amounts can cause nausea and vomiting that require emergency care, experts warn.
Children can also become sick if the liquid nicotine comes into contact with their skin.
Chemical burns, respiratory ailments and even deaths tied to accidents in illegal methamphetamine labs are on the rise in the United States, a new study shows.
Overall, 162 people were injured between 2001 and 2012 in the five states covered by the study. Those states were Louisiana, Oregon, Utah, New York and Wisconsin. The injuries included 26 children and 42 law enforcement officials, researchers from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported.
The dark look associated with Goths may not be all show: Teens in this subculture appear more prone to depression and self-harm than their peers, researchers report.
Fifteen-year-olds who strongly identified as Goth -- recognized by their distinctive black clothes, white and black makeup and black hair -- were three times more likely to be depressed at 18 compared with teens who did not identify as Goth, the British researchers found.
With an average of 44 kids getting hit while walking every day in the U.S., it’s time for action. HOW TO NOT GET HIT BY A CAR is a fun new interactive infographic that guides walkers through seven common ways kids get hit by cars, and seven ways to avoid it. Parents and kids alike give it great reviews; not only do they think it’s fun to experience the action, they can usually relate to it. Try it out and see if you make any of the common mistakes when you cross the street.
Date: August 31st, 2015
During the meeting Bekah Hunt provided an overview of what the CoP Covered over the past year, and share preliminary results from the final evaluation. All the teams also had an opportunity to debrief about their experience and lessons learned from the CoP. The discussion focused on following questions:
The primary research question was whether teens obtaining their intermediate-level provisional operators permit (POP) in a graduated driver licensing (GDL) environment through driver education differed in crashes and traffic violations from teens who obtained their POP by completing a supervised driving certification log without taking driver education. A descriptive epidemiological study examining a census of all teen drivers in Nebraska (151,880 teens, 48.6% girls, 51.4% boys) during an eight year period from 2003 to 2010 was conducted.
This study found that naturalistic driving study provides a promising method to study driver behavior on the real roads. Novice teen drivers who just received their driver license are the most conservative seatbelt users. Young drivers are the least conservative seatbelt users. Female drivers have a higher seatbelt use rate and tend to buckle up at the beginning a trip, when compared to male drivers.
This study found that parents and teens both overestimate each other’s involvement in distracting behaviors while driving. Parents’ and teens’ levels of involvement in distracting behaviors are correlated. Teens’ participation in distracting behavior is more strongly influenced by their perceptions of their parents distracting behavior than by what parents themselves report.
Adolescent self-harm is recognized as a serious public health problem; however, there is little reliable comparative data on its prevalence or characteristics, or on the extent of help-seeking for self-harm. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence and associated factors of adolescent self-harm in an urban region in Ireland, and to investigate help-seeking behaviors for self-harm. This was a cross-sectional study of 856 school-going adolescents, employing an anonymous self-report questionnaire. A lifetime history of self-harm was reported by 12.1% of adolescents.
Bruising can indicate abuse for infants. Bruise prevalence among infants in the pediatric emergency department (ED) setting is unknown. Our objective is to determine prevalence of bruising, associated chief complaints, and frequency of abuse evaluations in previously healthy infants presenting to pediatric EDs.
Child abuse and neglect is common in the United States, and victims often present to emergency departments (EDs) for care. Most US children who seek care in EDs are treated in general EDs without specialized pediatric services. We aim to explore general ED providers’ experiences with screening and reporting of child abuse and neglect to identify barriers and facilitators to detection of child abuse and neglect in the ED setting.
New York City (NYC) has made significant roadway infrastructure improvements, initiated a bicycle share program, and enacted Vision Zero, an action plan to reduce traffic deaths and serious injuries. The objective of this study was to examine whether bicycle helmets offer a protective advantage against traumatic brain injury (TBI) within a contemporary dense urban setting with a commitment to road safety.
Colorado lost 1,058 people to suicide last year, the highest number in state history. That puts Colorado’s suicide rate at 19.4 per 100,000 residents — seventh-highest in the country.
Suicide kills more Coloradans each year than homicide, car crashes, diabetes, breast cancer, flu or pneumonia. It is the seventh leading cause of death for all Coloradans and second leading cause of death for young Coloradans.
To tell whether a baby has been injured or killed by being shaken, the courts use three hallmark symptoms: bleeding and swelling in the brain and retinal bleeding in the eyes. Along with other evidence, those standards are used to convict caregivers of abusive head trauma, both intentional and unintentional, that can result in blindness, seizures, severe brain damage or death.
The rate of eye injuries among girls playing high school field hockey dropped dramatically after a national requirement for protective eyewear was passed, a new study reports.
But the mandate doesn't cover all players. And, the study found that the odds of sustaining an eye injury were more than three times as high in areas where the mandate was not implemented compared with areas where it was implemented.