The primary research question was whether teens obtaining their intermediate-level provisional operators permit (POP) in a graduated driver licensing (GDL) environment through driver education differed in crashes and traffic violations from teens who obtained their POP by completing a supervised driving certification log without taking driver education. A descriptive epidemiological study examining a census of all teen drivers in Nebraska (151,880 teens, 48.6% girls, 51.4% boys) during an eight year period from 2003 to 2010 was conducted.
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This study found that naturalistic driving study provides a promising method to study driver behavior on the real roads. Novice teen drivers who just received their driver license are the most conservative seatbelt users. Young drivers are the least conservative seatbelt users. Female drivers have a higher seatbelt use rate and tend to buckle up at the beginning a trip, when compared to male drivers.
This study found that parents and teens both overestimate each other’s involvement in distracting behaviors while driving. Parents’ and teens’ levels of involvement in distracting behaviors are correlated. Teens’ participation in distracting behavior is more strongly influenced by their perceptions of their parents distracting behavior than by what parents themselves report.
Adolescent self-harm is recognized as a serious public health problem; however, there is little reliable comparative data on its prevalence or characteristics, or on the extent of help-seeking for self-harm. The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence and associated factors of adolescent self-harm in an urban region in Ireland, and to investigate help-seeking behaviors for self-harm. This was a cross-sectional study of 856 school-going adolescents, employing an anonymous self-report questionnaire. A lifetime history of self-harm was reported by 12.1% of adolescents.
Bruising can indicate abuse for infants. Bruise prevalence among infants in the pediatric emergency department (ED) setting is unknown. Our objective is to determine prevalence of bruising, associated chief complaints, and frequency of abuse evaluations in previously healthy infants presenting to pediatric EDs.
Child abuse and neglect is common in the United States, and victims often present to emergency departments (EDs) for care. Most US children who seek care in EDs are treated in general EDs without specialized pediatric services. We aim to explore general ED providers’ experiences with screening and reporting of child abuse and neglect to identify barriers and facilitators to detection of child abuse and neglect in the ED setting.
New York City (NYC) has made significant roadway infrastructure improvements, initiated a bicycle share program, and enacted Vision Zero, an action plan to reduce traffic deaths and serious injuries. The objective of this study was to examine whether bicycle helmets offer a protective advantage against traumatic brain injury (TBI) within a contemporary dense urban setting with a commitment to road safety.
Colorado lost 1,058 people to suicide last year, the highest number in state history. That puts Colorado’s suicide rate at 19.4 per 100,000 residents — seventh-highest in the country.
Suicide kills more Coloradans each year than homicide, car crashes, diabetes, breast cancer, flu or pneumonia. It is the seventh leading cause of death for all Coloradans and second leading cause of death for young Coloradans.
To tell whether a baby has been injured or killed by being shaken, the courts use three hallmark symptoms: bleeding and swelling in the brain and retinal bleeding in the eyes. Along with other evidence, those standards are used to convict caregivers of abusive head trauma, both intentional and unintentional, that can result in blindness, seizures, severe brain damage or death.
The rate of eye injuries among girls playing high school field hockey dropped dramatically after a national requirement for protective eyewear was passed, a new study reports.
But the mandate doesn't cover all players. And, the study found that the odds of sustaining an eye injury were more than three times as high in areas where the mandate was not implemented compared with areas where it was implemented.
Sexting and online safety are now some of the leading health concerns adults have for children, an annual poll finds.
The rising popularity of bicycling among adult men for pleasure or as a means of commuting may have a downside: More fatal bike-related accidents, according to a new report.
The report did have some good news, however: Fewer U.S. children are dying as a result of bike-related accidents, although that may be due to the fact that today's kids are simply less likely to be riding bikes than in generations past.
Robin Williams took his own life a year ago, and suicide prevention experts are still trying to make sense of the “unprecedented” impact his death has had on mental health.
When any high-profile suicide takes place, mental health workers fear a contagion effect. In 1962, Marilyn Monroe's probable suicide was followed by a substantial spike in the national suicide rate.
The United States is on track to have its deadliest traffic year since 2007, the National Safety Council says, with nearly 19,000 people killed as a result of motor vehicle accidents between January and June—a 14 percent increase over the same period last year. The number of injuries and the costs associated with traffic accidents also rose significantly, according to estimates from NSC’s statistics department released Monday.
Backpacks are convenient for students, but they can pose a threat to kids' backs, necks and shoulders if used improperly, an expert says.
In 2013, there were more than 5,400 backpack-related injuries treated in emergency departments across the United States, according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
School bus safety is one of the many things parents need to review with their children before the start of the new school year, an expert says.
Between 2004 and 2013, school transportation-related crashes in the United States claimed more than 1,300 lives. That's an average of 134 deaths a year, according to the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
Intended Audience: Injury Prevention Leaders in Tribal Communities
More children and adolescents ages 1-19 die from injuries and violence than from all diseases combined, and injuries are a leading cause of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and disabilities.
APHA's Annual Meeting & Exposition is a place for public health professionals to convene, learn, network and engage with peers. The meeting will share the latest research and information, promote best practices and advocate for public health issues and policies grounded in research.
A study of more than 16,000 Boston-area high school students suggests cyberbullying is on the rise, most sharply with girls as victims and abetted by the prevalence of smartphones among teenagers.
The percentage of the students who said they experienced cyberbullying jumped from 14.6 percent to 21.2 percent over a six-year period ending in 2012, according to the study by the nonprofit Education Development Center. The study used self-reported health survey data from 17 unidentified schools west of Boston.
The Cribs for Kids National Safe Sleep Hospital Certification program awards recognition to hospitals that demonstrate a commitment to reducing infant Sleep-Related Deaths by promoting best safe sleep practices and by educating on infant sleep safety. By becoming certified, a hospital is demonstrating that it is committed to being a community leader and is pro-actively eliminating as many sleep-related deaths as possible.
The best way to promote safety in swimming pools and spas is by adopting and practicing layers of protection. Because you never know which one of these steps will make a difference-until it does. This webinar, led by Ellyn Pollack, leader of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission's Pool Safely campaign, will address levels of protection in and around the water to ensure that children and families stay safer year-round. The webinar will also provide an overview of the information and resources the Pool Safely campaign provides to promote water safety.
As noted in the IOM/NRC report on Concussion in Youth Sports, coordinated efforts among federal agencies, as well as various public and private groups, are critical to improving the culture around concussion prevention, recognition, and response.
In support of this recommendation, we are sharing a new CDC report entitled “Concussion at Play: Opportunities to Reshape the Culture Around Concussion.” This report provides a snapshot on the current concussion research pertaining to knowledge, awareness, attitudes and behaviors.
In 2013, more than 40,000 individuals died from suicide in the United States. Restricting access to lethal means has the potential to prevent suicide, as suicidal thoughts are often transient. Permit-to-Purchase (PTP) laws for handguns could potentially reduce suicides by making it more difficult for persons at risk of suicide to purchase a handgun. We used a quasi-experimental research design with annual, state-level suicide data to evaluate changes to PTP laws in Connecticut and Missouri. Data were analyzed for 1981–2012.
Background: Although self-harm and sleep problems are major public health problems in adolescence, detailed epidemiological assessment is essential to understand the nature of this relationship.
Aims: To conduct a detailed assessment of the relationship between sleep and self-harm in adolescence.
Method: A large population-based study in Norway surveyed 10 220 adolescents aged 16–19 years on mental health, including a comprehensive assessment of sleep and self-harm.
State prescription monitoring programs (PMPs) purport to address the prescription opioid epidemic, but have evidenced limited effect on reducing opioid-related mortality.
On July 22, 2015, the White House hosted Rethink School Discipline, a national convening. The event focused on equipping attendees with knowledge and resources for improving school discipline policies and practices. Educators, state and local officials, including several judges, law enforcement officials, and other key stakeholders, participated in the event and were joined by a number of senior Obama Administration officials.
CPSC is thrilled to announce the launch of its brand new Pool Safely song and video, written and performed by the children’s musical group, The Laurie Berkner Band.
Encourages families to continue to have fun in and around the water at waterparks and pools this summer by sharing this new song! You can sing along with Laurie and learn the four simple steps to staying safer: