Reports of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among adults, particularly in professional sports, are often in the news. But what about TBIs among children and youth? In 2012, an estimated 329,290 children (age 19 or younger) were treated in emergency departments (EDs) for sports and recreation-related injuries that included a diagnosis of concussion or TBI. From 2001 to 2012, the rate of ED visits for sports and recreation-related injuries with a diagnosis of concussion or TBI, alone or in combination with other injuries, more than doubled among children (age 19 or younger).
FamilyIntimate Partner Violence
FamilyIntimate Partner Violence
Definition: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is abuse that occurs between two people in a close relationship. The term "intimate partner" includes current and former spouses and dating partners. IPV exists along a continuum from a single episode of violence to ongoing battering. The longer intimate partner abuse goes on, the more serious the effects on the victim.
Magnitude of the Problem: According to the CDC,
- In 2007, intimate partner violence resulted in 2,340 deaths.
- 70 percent of those who died were women, and 30% were men.
- IPV cost the U.S. an estimated $5.8 billion in 1995 and $8.3 billion in 2003.
- Almost 3 out of 10 women and 1 out of ten men have experienced IPV in the U.S.
Teen dating violence is a significant component of IPV. 9.8% of high school students reported that they had been purposely physically hurt by a dating partner in the past year (CDC – 2009 YRBS). A survey of adult victims of dating violence found that nearly 1 in 5 women and nearly 1 in 7 men first experienced partner violence between the ages of 11 and 17 (CDC – 2012 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey). For more information and resources, visit our Teen Dating Violence injury topic page.
Prevention: The reduction of intimate partner violence relies upon identifying and addressing risk factors and developing programs to maintain and encourage healthy and safe relationships. To prevent teen dating violence, for example, responsible adults can mentor youth and model nonviolent dating relationships. Schools can implement policies to address potential dangers; provide training to parents, teachers, and administrators; and establish an advisory team from the community. Schools may also provide discussion groups for students and develop school safety plans.
Professionals in many fields are working to address the effects of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), which have been shown to increase risk for a wide range of problems. One of these adverse experiences is child abuse and/or neglect, which the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates has been experienced by at least 1 in 7 US children in the past year. (1) If we work further “upstream,” we may prevent many traumatic events from occurring.
In 2015, injuries caused 13,363 deaths in U.S. children and adolescents aged 0-19. In addition, injuries were responsible for 200,225 hospitalizations and almost 7.7 million emergency department (ED) visits in this population (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], WISQARS, 2017). One important way to understand the burden of childhood injuries is by looking at the costs of those injuries.