In 2015, injuries caused 13,363 deaths in U.S. children and adolescents aged 0-19. In addition, injuries were responsible for 200,225 hospitalizations and almost 7.7 million emergency department (ED) visits in this population (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], WISQARS, 2017). One important way to understand the burden of childhood injuries is by looking at the costs of those injuries.
Fire Burn Safety
Fire Burn Safety
Definition: Residential fires can be caused by cooking, heating, smoking, gasoline, or candles.
Magnitude of the Problem: Lighted tobacco products (mainly cigarettes) are the leading cause of residential fire fatalities while cooking equipment is the leading cause of residential fire injuries.
According to the CDC, fires and burns are the third leading cause of unintentional injury fatalities in the U.S.
According to Safe Kids USA:
- Approximately 366 children 14 or under died due to fire and burn injuries in 2008.
- Nearly 90,000 children 14 or under sustained nonfatal fire or burn injuries in 2009.
- Scalds are the most common cause of burn-related hospitalizations for young children. Contact burns are more common with older children.
- 20% of all burn cases in the U.S. are for children ages 4 and under.
- In 2010, children ages 5-9 had the most firework injuries. Children ages 10-14 had the second highest rate of firework injuries (per capita).
Prevention: Personal fire safety depends upon:
- safe storage of matches, lighters, and gasoline
- smoking outdoors and using fire safe cigarettes
- not leaving stoves, grills, or burning candles unattended
- performing proper maintenance on furnaces, fireplaces, chimneys, and wood stoves
- installing smoke detectors and changing batteries annually; and
- developing and practicing a fire evacuation plan.
Injury prevention initiatives aimed at keeping people safe from fires and burn-related injury and death include fire alarm give-aways; fire alarm safety checks; and regulations mandating fire safe cigarettes, child-resistant safety lighters, and smoke alarms in homes.
Due largely to an increase in public fire education and prevention efforts, including the use of smoke alarms and sprinkler systems, fewer children die in fires today compared to 10 years ago. (1,2) Among children and youth ages 0 – 24, those ages 1 – 4 are at highest risk of fire and burn- related injury and death. (2,3) With National Fire Prevention Week coming up on October 8 – 14, 2017, this webinar provides information about strategies to further reduce fire and burn-related injuries among children.
This webinar, presented in February of 2011, covers the "Sound the Alarm" campaign. It was a collaboration between the International Code Council and National Volunteer Fire Council, and key speakers include Bruce E. Johnson and Kari L. Wood. It was moderated by Smita Varia.