Synthetic cannabinoids, misleadingly called “synthetic marijuana” are human-made mind-altering chemicals that are either sprayed on dried, shredded plant material so they can be smoked or sold as liquids to be vaporized and inhaled in e-cigarettes and other devices. (1)
Definition: The CDC defines poison as any substance that is harmful to your body when ingested, inhaled, injected, or absorbed through the skin.
Magnitude of the Problem:
- According to the CDC,
- In 2009, 76% of the 41,592 poisoning deaths in the U.S. were unintentional, and 8% were of undetermined intent
- In 2009, 14% of the 41,592 poisoning deaths in the U.S. were intentional; the majority were suicides
- In 2008, 91% of unintentional and undetermined poisoning deaths were caused by drugs (this includes prescription medication)
- An estimated 71,000 children 18 years or younger went to the ED each year due to medication poisonings between 2004 and 2005; over 80% were due to unsupervised children finding and taking medications.
- According to the Health Resources and Services Administration's Poison Help project, 51% of poisoning exposures occur in children under age 6
Prevention: Poison Control Centers can be valuable resources in helping to prevent poisonings in communities. They can also be cost saving services for states, according to the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) for every dollar spent on Poison Control Center services, $7 is saved in medical spending. Raising awareness about poison prevention resources can be done through National Poison Prevention Week, which occurs every March. National organizations like the Home Safety Council and the American Association of Poison Control Centers can provide educational materials to help individuals understand common poisons found in the home, and steps to take to reduce risks and help keep children safe.
Cold weather easily brings to mind hot chocolate, roaring fires, and snowmen, but the winter months also bring an increase in carbon monoxide poisonings.
In 2015, injuries caused 13,363 deaths in U.S. children and adolescents aged 0-19. In addition, injuries were responsible for 200,225 hospitalizations and almost 7.7 million emergency department (ED) visits in this population (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], WISQARS, 2017). One important way to understand the burden of childhood injuries is by looking at the costs of those injuries.
E-cigarette poisonings among children and youth remain a concern for health care providers, parents, poison specialists and others. In the first 10 months of 2016, the American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) received 1,292 reports of e-cigarette device and liquid nicotine exposures across all age groups (1). In 2016, the Child Nicotine Poisoning Prevention Act (CNPPA) was signed into law to help prevent these exposures. This new law requires child resistant packaging on liquid nicotine containers used with e-cigarettes, effective July 26, 2016.