In 2015, injuries caused 13,363 deaths in U.S. children and adolescents aged 0-19. In addition, injuries were responsible for 200,225 hospitalizations and almost 7.7 million emergency department (ED) visits in this population (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], WISQARS, 2017). One important way to understand the burden of childhood injuries is by looking at the costs of those injuries.
Prescription Drug Misuse Abuse
Prescription Drug Misuse Abuse
For alcohol and illicit drug abuse, visit our Underage Drinking & Illicit Drug Abuse injury topic page.
Definition: The misuse and abuse of prescription medications involves obtaining and taking these drugs without a prescription and for a nonmedical purpose. Teens and young adults are at risk of abusing prescription medications because they are widely available, free or inexpensive, and falsely believed to be safer than illicit drugs.
Magnitude of the Problem: Prescription drug use increased sharply from 1997 to 2007, and the abuse of these drugs is now the U.S.’s fastest growing drug problem (Executive Office of the President, Epidemic: Responding to America’s Prescription Drug Abuse Crisis, 2011).
- The 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance questionnaire found that almost 21% of high school students reported taking a prescription drug without a prescription at least once in their lifetime.
- According to the Archives of Internal Medicine (2011;171(11):1034-1036),more than three-quarters of youth and young adults ages 18–25 received painkillers only from nonmedical sources compared with 52% of those older than age 50.
- More teens abuse prescription drugs than cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine (National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence’s Prescription Drugs webpage).
Prevention: Strategies to reduce prescription medication abuse among youth include:
- Educating parents and caregivers about the importance of keeping prescription medications locked up;
- Encouraging parents and caregivers to talk with teens about the dangers of misusing and abusing prescription drugs and over-the-counter medications;
- Educating the public about how to properly dispose of old or unneeded medications;
- Training health care providers to screen patients for past or current substance use and to monitor patients’ use of prescribed medications; and
- Understanding the role of prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs) in reducing prescription medication misuse/abuse and working with PDMPs to increase their effectiveness.
April 17-20, 2017
The 2017 National Rx Drug Abuse & Heroin Summit, taking place in Atlanta, GA, April 17 – 20. The Summit is the largest national collaboration of professionals from local, state, and federal agencies, business, academia, treatment providers, and allied communities impacted by prescription drug abuse and heroin use.
Featured speakers include:
National Drug & Alcohol Facts Week® links students with scientists and other experts to counteract the myths about drugs and alcohol that teens get from the internet, social media, TV, movies, music, or from friends. It was launched in 2010 by scientists at the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) to stimulate educational events in communities so teens can learn what science has taught us about drug use and addiction. The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism became a partner starting in 2016, and alcohol has been added as a topic area for the week.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) released the results from the 2016 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey. The MTF survey is administered to 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students and focuses on drug use.
The results from the 2016 MTF survey are promising, showing a long-term decline in teen use of alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and many other illicit substances. Prescription drug misuse has also declined.
In response to the troubling opioid epidemic our nation is facing, CDC developed and released the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain in March 2016. This Guideline provides 12 recommendations for the prescribing of opioid pain medication for patients 18 and older in primary care settings based on the most current scientific evidence.