Reports of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) among adults, particularly in professional sports, are often in the news. But what about TBIs among children and youth? In 2012, an estimated 329,290 children (age 19 or younger) were treated in emergency departments (EDs) for sports and recreation-related injuries that included a diagnosis of concussion or TBI. From 2001 to 2012, the rate of ED visits for sports and recreation-related injuries with a diagnosis of concussion or TBI, alone or in combination with other injuries, more than doubled among children (age 19 or younger).
Teen Driving Safety
Teen Driving Safety
Definition: Teenagers contribute to, and suffer from, the consequences of motor vehicle collisions at a disproportionate rate. Teen driver crashes more often involve
- driver error
- lack of safety belt use
- excessive speed
- single vehicle crashes
- nighttime fatal crashes
- increased risk with every additional passenger
- alcohol (in the later teen years).
Magnitude of the Problem: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for youth ages 15-20. According to NHTSA, in 2009,
- 2,336 15-to 20-year old drivers were killed and an additional 196,000 were injured in motor vehicle crashes.
- Drivers ages 15-20 are 6.4 % of all licensed drivers in the U.S. but are involved in 11% of all fatal crashes.
Prevention: Strategies to improve teen driving safety include:
- graduated drivers licensing systems that have a night driving restriction, passenger restrictions, and supervised driving for beginning drivers for at least six months
- safety belt laws
- drinking and driving laws
In 2015, injuries caused 13,363 deaths in U.S. children and adolescents aged 0-19. In addition, injuries were responsible for 200,225 hospitalizations and almost 7.7 million emergency department (ED) visits in this population (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], WISQARS, 2017). One important way to understand the burden of childhood injuries is by looking at the costs of those injuries.
Each day in the United States, more than 9 people are killed and over 1,000 are injured in crashes that are reported to involve a distracted driver. (1) The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that in 2015 “Teens were the largest age group reported as distracted at the time of fatal crashes.” (2) According to the AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, distraction was a factor in 58 percent of 1,700 videos of teen drivers taken from in-vehicle event recorders. (3) Distracted driving includes activities such as using a cell phone, texting, and eating while driving.