Concussions From Youth Football: Results From NEISS Hospitals Over an 11-Year Time Frame, 2002-2012 | Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Background: Youth football programs across the United States represent an at-risk population of approximately 3.5 million athletes for sports-related concussions. The frequency of concussions in this population is not known.
Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study.
After a concussion, kids often wonder when it is OK to play sports again. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) cautions parents to help children ease back into learning, too.
After a brain injury from a blow to the head, youngsters can have symptoms such as headaches, blackouts, blurred vision, confusion, dizziness, stomachaches, sensitivity to light and noise, and mood changes.
Concussion Education for High School Football Players: A Pilot Study | Communication Disorders Quarterly
This survey study compared high school football players’ knowledge and attitudes about concussion before and after receiving concussion education. There were no significant changes in the Concussion Attitude Index. Results revealed a statistically significant difference in the athletes’ scores for the Concussion Knowledge Index, t(244) = 8.49, p = .000, and Cohen’s d = 1.05. Concussion education can help football players learn signs, symptoms, and negative effects of mild brain injuries.
Having a serious concussion in adolescence could be a risk factor for developing Alzheimer's decades later – though not everyone with head trauma will lose their memory, a new study suggests.
A team from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester Minn., conducted brain scans on 448 older Minnesotans who had no signs of memory problems and 141 who did. Roughly 17% in both groups had had a brain injury earlier in life involving some loss of consciousness or memory.
The degenerative brain disease being blamed for suicides and mental illness in pro athletes may have started when they were young athletic children and absorbing knocks in grade school and high school, experts say.
The theory also suggests that many people who are not elite athletes playing contact sports, but did play sports as children, may be at risk for developing chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE.
Young people who suffer a concussion often want to return to school and begin using electronics right away, but resuming everyday life too quickly might delay recovery, researchers say in a Pediatrics study.
Kids who give their brains a few days' rest and gradually return to normal mental activity heal faster than those who rush back to their books, computers and TVs, a new study suggests.
Concussions have deservedly gotten most of the attention in efforts to reduce the risk of head injuries in sports.
But scientists increasingly think that hits too small to cause concussions also affect the brain, and that those effects add up. And it looks like some athletes may be more vulnerable than others.
The U.S. National Institutes of Health is teaming up with the National Football League on research into the long-term effects of repeated head injuries and improving concussion diagnosis.
The projects will be supported largely through a $30 million donation made last year to the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health by the NFL, which is wrestling with the issue of concussions and their impact on current and former players.
Concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by rotational acceleration of the brain following a direct trauma to the head or a force transmitted to the head after injury to the trunk or spine. Concussion results in disturbance of normal brain function, often causing symptoms such headache, dizziness, nausea, and problems with memory, concentration, balance, and sleep. Physical and cognitive rest are the foundations of concussion management, and for most athletes, symptoms resolve within a few days to weeks.
Altitude may affect an athlete's risk of concussion, according to a new study believed to be the first to examine this association.
High school athletes who play at higher altitudes suffer fewer concussions than those closer to sea level, researchers found. One possible reason is that being at a higher altitude causes changes that make the brain fit more tightly in the skull, so it can't move around as much when a player suffers a head blow.