Definition: Drowning is a respiratory impairment caused by being submerged or immersed in water. Childhood drowning commonly occurs when a child is left unattended or during a brief lapse in attention (World Health Organization, 2023).
According to 2017-2020 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) WISQARS data:
The highest risk locations for drowning vary by age. Among infants under 1 year old, two thirds of all drownings occur in bathtubs. Among children ages 1–4, most drownings happen in home swimming pools. About 40% of drownings among children ages 5-14 occur in natural water, and about 30% occur in swimming pools. More than half of fatal and nonfatal drownings among people 15 years and older occur in natural waters like lakes, rivers, or oceans (CDC, 2023).
Some key recommendations to prevent drowning from the American Academy of Pediatrics (2020):